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Bancroft, Frederick.  Slave-Trading in the Old South.  Baltimore, MD: J. H. Furst Company.

Bayless, John, editor.  Black Slave Narratives. New York: The Mamillan Company, 1970.

Blassingame, John W.  The Slave Community, Plantation Life in the Ante-bellum South.  New York:  Oxford University Press, 1972.

Blake, W. O, compiler.  The History of Slavery and the Slave Trade.  Ancient and Modern.  The Forms of Slavery that Prevailed in Ancient Nations, particularly in Greece and Rome.  The African Slave Trade and the Political History of Slavery in the United States.  Columbus, OH:  Osgood 4 Pearcb, 1860.

Darnell, Riley C.  Tennessee Blue Book, 1997-1998.  Nashville, Tennessee:  Tennessee Department of State’s Publications Division, 1998.

Deed Books, Rutherford County, TN.  Reel 110, Book O 1822-1823, Pgs. 102, 449 & 564 and Book M 1820-1821 Pg. 483.

Tennessee State Library & Archives (TSLA) Microfilm Collection.  Nashville, TN.

Deed Books, Rutherford County, TN.  Reel 111, Book Q 1823-1826 Pgs. 130,131, & 414: Book R 1826-1829, Pgs.  54 & 513 and Book S 1829-1832, Pgs. 316, 318 & 610. TSLA Microfilm Collection.  Nashville, TN.

Deed Book 8, Rutherford County, TN.  Reel 112, Microfilm Collection.  TSLA, Nashville, TN.

DuBoise, W. E. Bureghardt. The Souls of Black Folk, Essays and Sketches. Chicago: A. C. McClurg & Co, 1903.

Dusiberre, William. Slavemaster President. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.

Employment Rolls and Nonpayment Rolls of Negroes Employed in the Defenses of Nashville, TN 1862-1863, Index A-L.  TSLA. Nashville, TN.  Accessed 5/16/2013.

Employment Rolls and Nonpayment Rolls of Negroes. Reel 1, Roll 1, Payroll #12; Reel 2 and Reel 3, Rolls 1, 2 & 3 (List of dead, paid, enlisted, and certificates given for April 1 1863 to November 1, 1863.  TSLA.  Nashville, TN.

Franklin, John Hope.  From Slavery to Freedom.  2d edition. New York: Alfred A Knopf, 1956.

Goodell, William.  The American Slave Code in theory and practice: its distinctive features shown by its statutes, judicial decisions, and illustrative facts.  Reprint, No place: The Scholarly Publishing Office, no date.

Graham, Daniel.  “Account Book.”  Nashville, Tennessee.  Owned by Konnetta Alexander, 1425A Pennock Avenue, Nashville, TN  37207.

Graham, Eleanor.  Nashville, A Short History and Selected Buildings.  Nashville, TN: Historical Commission of Metropolitan Nashville-Davidson County, Tennessee, 1974

Helen C. and Timothy R. Marsh, compliers. Wills and Inventories of Rutherford County Tennessee, Volume 2 (1828-1840.  No location. Southern Historical Press, Inc. 1998.

Katz, William Loran.  Eyewitness:  The Negro in American History.  New York: Pitman Publishing Corporation, 1967.

Lamon, Lester C.  Blacks in Tennessee 1790-1970.  Knoxville, TN: The University Press, 1981.

Lovett, Bobby L.  Nashville’s Fort Negley:  A Symbol of Blacks’ Involvement with the Union Army. Tennessee Historical Quarterly, Vol. XLI, Spring 1982, No 1. 

McCutcheon, Marc. Everyday Life in the 1800s, a Guide for Writers, Students & Historians.  Cincinnati, OH:  Writer’s Digest Books H

Mills, Elizabeth Shown.  Evidence! Citation & Analysis for the Family Historian.  Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1997.

Paul H. Bergeron, Stephen V. Ash and Jeanette Keith.  Tennesseans and Their History.  Knoxville, TN: The University of Tennessee Press, 1999.

Phillips, Ulrich B.  American Negro Slavery. Baton Rouge, LA: Louisiana State University Press, 1969.

Photograph No. 217, “Daniel Graham.”   Date unknown. . Tennessee State Library & Archives Portrait Collection. Box 1, Volume 1, Acc #197, Image #19516.  TSLA, Nashville, TN. 

Robin D.G. Kelley and Earl Lewis, editors.  To Make Our World Anew.  New York:  Oxford University Press, Inc., 2000.

Schneider, Dorothy, and Carl J. Schneider.  An Eyewitness history of Slavery in America, From Colonial Times to the Civil War.  New York: Checkmark Books, 2001.

Scott, Mingo, Jr.  The Negro in Tennessee Politics and Governmental Affairs.  Nashville, TN:  Rich Printing, 1964

Stamp. Kenneth M.  The Peculiar Institution, Slavery in the Ante-Bellum South.  New York:  Vintage Books, 1956.

Wade, Richard C.  Slavery in the Cities, The South 1820-1860.  New York: Oxford University Press, 1969.

Washington, Booker T.  The Rise of the Race from Slavery, Vol. I.  New York: Doubleday, Page & Company, 1909.

Wills & Inventories, Book 8, Rutherford County, TN.  Reel 260, Pg. 153, Microfilm Collection.  TSLA, Nashville, TN.

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